Science of Chemistry also called Science of Life Science, is a branch of research which studies the chemical properties and composition of different types of matter. Science of Chemistry is much more than just a collection of facts about nature; it is also a comprehensive body of information about the scientific processes involved. Although the science of chemistry has been a field for many years, with its own specialized terminology, only recently have the methods and theories involved in the study of the science of chemistry were clarified and simplified to a level where many new and more sophisticated questions concerning how the world works have been addressed.
The study of the science of chemistry can be traced back to the seventeenth century, when a student of mechanics, Galileo Galilei, noted that there were distinct differences between the composition of some of the substances in the earth. Galileo was able to prove that these different components had very similar physical properties, and he concluded that their arrangement in the universe explained many things about the natural world. This led him to develop a theory which attempted to link together the laws of the earth and the heavenly bodies. His theory was based on the idea that all the celestial bodies are orbiting the earth at different speeds, and this orbit is caused by the constant change in the speed at which these bodies move.
After the Second World War, a lot of major advancements took place in this field. One of the major breakthroughs in the science of chemistry was made by Otto Stern (1910), a German-born chemist who worked in New York City. According to his theory, the hydrogen atoms in a molecule interact with one another by giving off energy. He also thought that the structure of a molecule could be determined by observing its energy and mass. Because of his theories and experiments, the field of the science of chemistry was expanded to include a lot of new theories about the processes of molecular interactions, and it was even given a new name: “chemistry”.
Many other scientists contributed to the advancement of the field of science of chemistry through the next few decades. Charles J. Young, a Scottish-American chemist, worked on the first effective means of producing pure hydrogen in large quantities. William L. Ramsay, another Scottish-American scientist, developed the process called cyclotron in which he used the action of a laser beam on an electrically charged ion to produce electrons from an atom and a proton. A number of researchers developed the techniques of spectroscopy, which allowed them to observe different combinations of atomic nuclei and protons under a microscope. Another important factor was William H.T. Taylor, a Canadian-American chemist, who developed the principle of the selective electron transfer between an electron and a nucleus.
In order to keep up with the new developments, there were also new techniques developed which were used. Electron beam techniques were used in the early days. Then, in the mid 1940s, the existence of nuclear fission and fusion allowed for a rapid means of producing energy. Other developments such as the use of laser light, and nuclear radiations, used in conjunction with carbon dioxide, have been used to increase the intensity of light which passes through a sample and thus create heat, and to create the conditions necessary for the production of heat.
Today, with the introduction of computers to the scientific community, a lot of research and technology is being done on a daily basis, both at the graduate and undergraduate levels. It is also possible for researchers to collaborate with one another online or through a network of websites. Many of the new discoveries and technologies of today have been developed by people who have gone their own way and developed these new techniques and theories on their own. As more people take the time to investigate the methods and theories that have been developed by the great minds of science of chemistry over the centuries, the field of science itself will be able to continue to improve and advance.