Technology is the totality of various skills, techniques, processes, and methods used in the creation of products or services or in the achievement of specific goals, including scientific research. A wide variety of technological systems have emerged to address particular needs. Examples include communication technologies, information systems, transportation technologies, healthcare technologies, and computer technology. In the industrial, commercial, and financial sectors technology is now an important part of every day life.
For a prospective student looking to take a Bachelor’s degree in Information Technology, one of the most important factors that will determine his or her success in obtaining a degree is the course offerings. The choice of classes is determined by the availability of a set of courses that are offered at the college, the student’s schedule, and the prerequisite for obtaining certain courses. A Bachelor’s degree in information technology allows graduates to enter a wide variety of fields, including computer science, engineering, information management, business, and health care. To meet this demand for qualified individuals in the field of information technology, a Bachelor’s degree program in IT is usually a good choice. There are four different types of IT bachelor degree programs, which are typically broken down into associate, bachelor, masters, and doctorate.
An information technology associate’s degree is typically designed for students who are interested in pursuing careers within the field as soon as possible. These individuals will likely have little chance to pursue higher education, but the ability to work immediately in an entry-level position can be a significant benefit. An associate’s degree typically covers technology-related courses such as web design, software, networking, e-business, security, and more. Some of the core courses taken in an information technology associate’s degree program include computer systems, database design and management, multimedia technologies, computer studies, information management, and web design. Other required topics include documentation standards, business intelligence, usability, and protocols.
The bachelor’s degree, also referred to as a bachelor of science in IT, is generally a two-year program. Students will learn about hardware and software basics, as well as math and interpersonal communication. Some of the core classes taken in a bachelor of science in IT include information technology fundamentals, management information systems, scientific and technological applications, and software engineering. Other required courses may include business law, computer science, electrical and computer engineering, network architecture, and information technology preparation.
The master’s degree is a four-year program that takes about two years to complete. Students will learn about information technology as it relates to specific industries and subspecialties. Core subjects may include social, technical, and operational knowledge. Additional requirements may include business studies, math, statistics, and technology analysis.
The doctorate program is available as a three-year program or a four-year program. A doctorate degree is most commonly earned in order to obtain a highly competitive position in the IT industry. A few types of doctorate degrees offered are educational leadership, applied research, business intelligence, applied software technology, environmental, information technology, human-computer interactions, and security technology. The PhD is considered to be a terminal degree because it does not offer any formal training. Individuals who earn these types of degrees usually find that they need to continue their education in order to keep up with advancing technology.