Education is one of the important factors that shape the future of mankind. No country can develop unless it has educated its people. Education ensures that the society values education and makes it a priority to realize the ambitions of a country. The process of education also helps to determine the social and communal conditions of a country, and hence determines the attitude of its people towards education.
There are various types of education such as primary, middle and secondary schools; some colleges and universities offer specialized programs as well. In primary education, the basic elements are class discussion, practical work, social studies, grammar and punctuation, personal skill training and classroom work. The elementary school curriculum lays the base for reading, writing, math and science; the next level up is the high school education which covers these subjects as well. The main goal of secondary education is to complete students’ course work and earn a diploma; in this type of education students will study specific topics such as science and health, history and culture, language and music. Students can specialize in specific areas of study such as art and design, business and law, education and counseling, childcare and early childhood development, IT and computing, nursing and healthcare, psychology and social work, and the like.
At the higher level of education, a student might enter college as a Bachelor, obtaining an associate degree or bachelor’s degree, and pursue his/her master’s or doctorate program in particular fields. An education major may focus on any of the following fields: education administration, education research, education teaching, education policy and practice, education theory and practice, teaching methods and philosophies, teaching strategies and materials, and research methods and practices. A student may also opt for a professional minor such as the TESOL Certificate Program, which enables the student to complete specialist courses in specified areas such as childhood development, literacy and childhood education. Some colleges and universities also offer small group teaching sessions as part of their education curriculum.
Some education classes include small group work and discussions as part of their regular curriculum. Such sessions allow students to ask questions, share opinions, debate issues, and discuss academic issues with the help of other learners and instructors. For instance, in a health education class, students will have the opportunity to discuss different health topics such as disease prevention, nutrition, and clinical guidelines. Such discussions may also include issues related to substance abuse and addiction, breastfeeding, sexually transmitted diseases, and pregnancy. In a physical education session, students will have the opportunity to discuss concepts such as proper footwear, safety during physical activity, and using textbooks, notes, and other school supplies properly.
Small group discussions are particularly beneficial for students who have trouble asking questions, cannot wait to ask questions, or do not know where to begin asking questions. One way to encourage participation and build good classroom chemistry is by allowing the teacher to offer prompts, such as “What do you think about…” and “Let’s think about how…” If a student offers an idea, or if the teacher asks for input, the class can go on to further explore the topic. Encouraging input from everyone can help the classroom bond better and feel more comfortable for students.
Teachers should also encourage discussions within classrooms as well as outside of them. After all, most people have at least one friend who likes to share their stories about their high school experiences. Similarly, students can benefit from shared reflections by teachers and peers. Such discussions may include discussions on difficult topics such as struggling parents, challenging academics, and the difficulty of learning new materials or subjects. Encouraging such reflections within the classroom can make the learning environment much more cohesive.