The Economic and Social Council (ESA) is at the core of the United Nation’s System of Sustainable Development (SSD). It has an important role to play in the efforts of the World Summit for Sustainable Development which will be held in 2020 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Through its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the ESA acts as an executive board for the global community to work towards reaching these goals.
The Executive Committee of the EA has a long and distinguished history of working on the SDGs. The ESA was established in 1996 in response to the Millennium Development Goals, which the international community made during the previous decade. The MDGs were developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in 1988 and the Global Sustainable Development Goals were developed by the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCCSD) in 1992.
When the ESA was set up, it was one of only three agencies that focused exclusively on the SDGs. This means that it is one of only seven agencies in the world that is solely dedicated to helping developing countries to reach their goals. The other agencies focus on climate change, gender issues, and political and cultural affairs.
The EA is a member of the Global Environment Organization (GEO). As a member of GEO, it has been working closely with the United Nations and other agencies such as the World Health Organization (WHO), the UN Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) and the World Trade Organization (WTO). It is also a member of the Sustainable Development Network (SDSN). The SDSN is a network of over 100 agencies that work together to promote sustainable development.
The EA is also one of only two agencies that is designated a WHO Expert Secretariat. The other agency is the Global Environment Facility (GEF), which is the organization responsible for managing the Kyoto Protocol Implementation. These two agencies were designed to monitor the implementation of these treaties and assist member states in meeting their commitments.
The EA is also responsible for convening the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum. It is the main forum for the sharing of information on global economic and social issues. It also coordinates the Annual Meeting of the Sub-Saharan Africa Sub-Saharan Group for the Economic, Social and Cultural Development (ASAD) that brings together governments, civil society, development experts and representatives from different countries.