Geography tells us about the world. Geography uses tools like maps, globes, scales, rods, and scales to examine the distribution of material goods, humans, animals, and even concepts like gravity and climate. It looks at how human activities, geographical changes, and environmental factors interact to shape and manage the Earth and its resources. Geography can be studied in school as geography courses are often compulsory for many schools and some universities offer degree courses on Geography.
Geography is an important part of Science but unfortunately often overlooked by students when they first enter university. The word Geography comes from two Greek words Geo meaning earth and Isotopes which means weaving or stitching. To the early Greeks Geography was a description of the physical world. Geography then was seen as a description of the physical world. It focused on the study of places and their relationship to each other and how these relate to the Earths environment. Geography then became an important part of science as it considered the physical and biological aspects of the Earth rather than only the political aspects.
The study of Geography developed with the coming of wide-spread communication and travel. Travel and immigration brought people and culture from different parts of the world closer together. This created new ties between cultures and spread knowledge of Geography beyond its traditional scientific context. Geographers were now included in the field of science of many disciplines because they contributed to all these fields through their unique skill. Geographers have gone to major institutions like NASA, Yale and Harvard to carry out research in their field.
Geography as a science has various techniques to look at the Earth, its environment and the processes that shape it. There are over 5 hundred disciplines that are related to the study of earth and its environment. Geography therefore combines science, art, history, mathematics and psychology. With all these disciplines in play, you can be sure that geographers will never be left out in the sun.
Geography as a science looks into the physical and chemical makeup of the Earth. It looks into the composition of air, land and ocean. It also looks into the global distribution of temperature, gravity and pressure. Along with these, it studies the phenomena of climate change, earthquakes, volcanoes and carbon dioxide concentration. Understanding the Earth, its structure and processes are critical to understand our place in the universe.
Geography as a science helps us understand our relation to the earth and how we fit in its dynamic world. Geography also contributes towards the better understanding of our cultural diversity and mobility. In short, science and geography go hand in hand. We cannot ignore them and for this reason, we need to appreciate their importance in today’s complex cultural environment.