The celebration of Ram Mandir (or Bhoomi Puja) on this day is a reflection of the rich and colorful tradition of the Hindu religion spread over generations. It is the result of the belief that the Lord made all the creation in His image and hence the entire creation is perfect in His eyes. There are various explanations for why the day is observed on August 5. According to myth, Lord Shiva was upset at the creation of mankind and decided to punish them by burning away their vessels and other material stuff on the funeral pyre. But the truth is that the event happened due to a flood which destroyed the city of Magadh along with its royal family and other great heroes on that day.
The event triggered by the floods is the same which led to the demise of the king Bharatadevi and his family. Devout Hindus hold this day very dear and curse those who killed the royals. According to scriptural beliefs, the soul of the entire universe is present in the body of the earth. So, when the soul leaves the body it is also said to leave the earthly possessions as well. This is the reason why the holy celebrant, along with his or her family, friends, and relatives burn away the eternities that have been tying them down in this physical life by using the ritual fire. The lord then returns to the heavens, while the remnants of material objects are swept away into the ocean.
The festival on this day is also meant to remember the golden age when the rulers of the land had the power of kings and were revered as the divine beings of the land. They ruled with wisdom and justice, which is why this day has been observed since the rule of the Maharaja and the Rashtrakutas. Even today, this day is observed with much reverence and glory as the true birth of the lord Krishna.
During the puja for the “Maharana Yatra” the devotees invoke the lord Krishna with the prayer, “O Lord, grant me safe passage, and protection, and also the beauty and the charisma of Thy presence. Let me be Thy messenger and sheltering force. Deliver me from the deadly grip of death and let me live in Thy presence forever.” This is followed by a dip of the feet in the holy Ganges and garland made of flowers, sandalwood, and hymns.
There are two other important days on which this ceremony is performed. One is Dhanteras Day when all the children of the region go to the temples of the lord and are blessed and given sweets, fish and water. The other is Bhaiduj Day when all the males, maharanas, etc. assemble at the ghats and the holy fire is burnt. These two ceremonies are carried out with full devotion and seriousness.
The temple at Vrindavan offers a special venue for the “Maharana Yatra”. The Lord Krishna is believed to be present in this temple. Dedicated to the lord by the devotees, this temple is a hallowed place where the lord is believed to be present. It also has a temple dedicated to the RSS leader, Kedar Mahajan who is the founder of the Hindu Tantric cult and is known as the “Master of Vrindavan”.