The subject that bestows the most scientific careers on the population are physics and biology. While computer science and engineering make up the largest part of this growing industry, there has been a recent surge in applied science programs in many industries across the board. In the field of biology, there are three separate but interconnected fields of research and study. These include microbiology, physiology, and zoology. While there are specific studies that focus on one of these areas, almost all of them together form a solid biology foundation. Together they produce solid knowledge in their areas of specialization that is then used to solve problems within the larger field of biology.
In the world of computer science, the most common subfield is software engineering. Software engineers to program the computer hardware and the software that are built into it. They are involved in the design of computer systems so that they can be used to solve problems by automation. Most careers in this discipline result in job opportunities in a variety of fields, including computer systems engineers, software designers, computer software project managers, and system testers.
Another popular subfield of science careers is computer systems and software engineering. This subfield focuses on problem solving and the application of technology in order to create, manage, and preserve information. One area of particular interest to this subfield of science careers is user interface design. User interface design is about applying science to computer systems through the creation of user interfaces for electronic devices and apparatus. User interfaces help people utilize computers and their associated devices in a way that is efficient and that users find easy to use and understand.
A third focus of science careers is information security. Information security deals with protecting information from unauthorized access. It involves both confidentiality and secrecy in the transmission of information as well as the storage of it on various devices. Information security also takes into account the protection of assets, the integrity of networks, and the prevention of any unauthorized use of computer software and hardware. As such, information security is a growing field in science careers and professionals dealing with this field have a wide range of responsibilities.
The fourth focus of a science degree is in computer engineering. Computer engineering mainly deals with the design, development, operation, and maintenance of computers and their related hardware. As such, a person with a computer engineering degree can have a variety of options available to them. Some jobs in this field include Computer Software Engineer, Computer Systems Engineer, Internet Developer, Digital Media Designer, Web Engineer, Software Engineer, and Network Engineer.
Science degrees include math and physics as part of their curriculum. Many science majors and graduate programs also include mathematics, along with computer programming and computer science courses. Some math and physics courses used in science and engineering programs may require more general education credits so that students may earn some college credits in other subject areas.