Science and Engineering are often considered to be two separate fields, but in fact, they are very much the same. Science is the human body of scientific knowledge that studies the natural and physical world around us. Engineering is the systematic application of the sciences in the useful production of humans, material goods, and information. There is a wide difference between the two disciplines but similarities exist as well. Both fields require a great deal of hard work, dedication, and creativity.
Science has been advancing at an astonishing rate in the recent past and many areas of science are growing at a breathtaking pace. Two of the fastest growing fields in science are Engineering and Medical Science. In the area of Engineering, there are an astonishing number of career options such as Computer Engineering, Computer Software Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Science, Engineering Technology, Environmental Sciences, Biomedical Engineering, Quantitative Analysis, aerospace, nuclear, energy, and a multitude of others. While most engineering careers require at least a Bachelor’s Degree, there are some degree programs that now offer online college degree programs.
Medical science, on the other hand, has careers ranging from diagnostic imaging to emergency medicine. Of course, if you are studying science in general and would like to pursue careers in math, physics, chemistry, and biology, you will be able to do so as well. These are just a few of the possible degree options that you have available to you when you are thinking about studying science as a whole. Your area of study will likely depend upon which type of degree you are trying to get.
The two most common degree options for engineers and scientists are mechanical engineers and chemical engineers. While mechanical engineers can work in just about any industry that uses electricity and mechanics, they typically work with the oil and gas, power generation, and aerospace industries. Chemical engineers, on the other hand, may work in everything from pharmaceuticals to plastics to the US military. Although many careers involving the physical sciences involve working with electricity and machines, there are a great deal of opportunities for jobs in the chemical and biological sciences. These types of careers have opened up a world of new job opportunities not only for chemists but also for technicians who can perform tasks in the labs. There are also opportunities for jobs as administrators, consultants, sales and marketing professionals, and other positions requiring science background and knowledge.
Science careers are also growing in popularity with more young people focusing their studies in this area. Some of these people opt for careers as teachers, researchers, or administer research projects in various fields of science. These careers allow students to develop skills such as creativity, teamwork, and problem-solving skills essential to succeed in the modern workplace. Those interested in studying science may select from a range of disciplines which include life sciences, physical sciences, earth sciences, and engineering. The subjects vary by university and can be completed in full or part-time format.
Science careers range from those in research and development, to educators, to industrial/organizational managers, to research scientists, to consultants, to product developers. Some scientist jobs may require a scientific degree along with graduate employment, but many jobs can be done without obtaining a master’s degree. Science careers can be in the physical sciences, such as physics, astronomy, geology, earth science, and biology, or in the biological sciences, including virology, immunology, pharmacology, bacteriology, physiology, biochemistry, and immunology. Pharmaceutical engineers are working at the forefront of science, developing new products and chemicals to cure disease. Biomedical Engineers are concerned with the engineering of biological medicines and are involved in all phases of the drug discovery process.
Biomedical Technologists perform research and development in the field of bio-medical science. These scientists play a vital role in the fields of pharmaceutical engineering, bioengineered drugs and cures and diagnostic technologies. Biotechnological Plants are using these graduates as researchers and technicians in numerous industries. As these graduates enter the job market, many job opportunities are there for them.
Pharmaceutical Engineering: This branch of science provides engineers with the basic knowledge and skills to develop drugs against diseases. This engineering branch also uses the concepts of mechanics, electronics, biochemistry and genetics. It also creates artificial intelligent androids which can perform human tasks. Some of the pharmaceutical engineers are involved in research and development of new medicines.
Biomedical Engineering: It is a part of engineering science dealing with the fields of medical science and biological technology. This discipline deals with the study of the medical science and its applications in the field of life sciences. It also deals with the commercialization of the developed medical science. In addition, it provides the students a thorough knowledge of the structural and biochemical aspects of the biomedical technologies.